Download the compiled Great Basin Factsheet Series 2016: Information and tools to conserve and restore Great Basin ecosystems.

For hard copies of the compilation, contact Génie MontBlanc, Great Basin Fire Science Exchange Coordinator, at (775) 784-1107 or

Reestablishing Perennial-Dominated Plant Communities in Medusahead-Invaded Sagebrush Rangeland

July 8, 2015

Fact Sheet No. 3: Reestablishing Perennial-Dominated Plant Communities
in Medusahead-Invaded Sagebrush Rangeland

By: Dustin Johnson and Kirk W. Davies


This fact sheet provides tools and strategies to restore sagebrush rangelands that have been invaded by medusahead. Reestablishing perennial-dominated plant communities reduces the risk of landscape-scale wildfire, increases forage for livestock, improves habitat for wildlife, prevents reinvasion of medusahead, and protects adjacent uninvaded areas.

In Brief:

  • Medusahead invasions increase the risk of wildfire, decrease forage for livestock, reduce wildlife habitat quality, and are at risk of spreading into adjacent areas.
  • Sites with surviving native perennial vegetation have the best chance for successful restoration.
  • Medusahead control treatments should be chosen to boost perennial plant communities. Appropriate treatments vary depending on plant community characteristics, plant phenology and logistical constraints.
  • Revegetating medusahead-invaded rangeland represents a significant investment, so committing to long-term effectiveness monitoring ensures that the investment is paying dividends.

Click here or on the image below to download a PDF of this fact sheet.

GB fact sheet 3 pic

This fact sheet is part of the Great Basin Fact Sheet Series compiled collaboratively by WAFWA, USFS, BLM, NRCS, RMRS, ARS, USGS, and FWS. The series provides land managers with brief summaries of current science concepts and management strategies related to conservation and restoration of the sagebrush sea.


The Sage Grouse Initiative is a partnership-based, science-driven effort that uses voluntary incentives to proactively conserve America’s western rangelands, wildlife, and rural way of life. This initiative is part of Working Lands For Wildlife, which is led by USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service.